Germany continues to have some of the highest energy prices in Europe, even though the monopoly on production and supply of electric power in Germany ceased already during the 1990s.
Following deregulation and more savvy consumer purchasing, the number of utilities offering electric power has increased though generating only slightly more competitive prices everywhere including the Rhine Ruhr region.
The cost of electricity is not normally included in the additional charges (Nebenkosten) when renting a house or flat, so a decision needs to be made concerning power suppliers. Most owners still turn to the local or regional public supplier.
Germany is following a somewhat controversial and haphazzard strategy concerning renewable energy, solar and wind generation. While the combined, rapidly approaching atomic opt out is highly complex, the Germans are proving again to be in the forefront of environmental themes.