During the 1990s the production and supply of electric power in Germany ceased to be a monopoly. Following deregulation and consumer activity, there are many suppliers offering electric power at slightly more competitive prices. Germany continues to have some of the highest energy prices in Europe.
In Germany as a whole and Düsseldorf especially, the cost of electricity is not normally included in the additional charges (Nebenkosten) when expats rent a house or flat, so a decision needs to be made concerning power suppliers.
Stadtwerke Düsseldorf is the local utilities company of choice in Düsseldorf. Originating from the late eighteen hundreds, they generate some forty percent of electricity themselves. The rest is acquired on the European energy market. The situation in Germany concerning renewable energy, solar and wind generation as well as the approaching atomic opt out is highly complex.